THE CELEBRATION OF EUCHARISTThe word Eucharist is from the Greek word εὐχαριστία (eucharistia), which means thanksgiving.
The Eucharist bonds us to God and to our community of believers.
Eucharist in the Catholic Church refers to both the celebration of the Mass, that is, the Eucharistic liturgy, and the bread and wine which after the consecration are transubstantiated (changed in substance) into the body and blood of Jesus Christ, Lord and God.
Parts of the Mass and symbols of the Eucharist are:
All gather together - Christians meet in one place for the Eucharistic assembly with Christ himself present through the priest and those assembled as active participants.
LITURGY OF THE WORD:
Recalls for all those assembled everything that Christ has done for us.
LITURGY OF THE EUCHARIST:
Presentation of the offerings- gifts of bread and wine plus collections to share with those in need are brought to the altar. Anaphora- the Eucharistic prayer of thanksgiving and consecration. We thank God, ask for the blessing of the Holy Spirit, repeat Jesus' words that change the bread and wine to His Body and Blood, recall Christ's Passion and Resurrection and ask for heaven's assistance for the Church on Earth. Lord's Prayer- taught to us by the Lord Jesus and sums up all the petitions and intercessions of those gathered. Communion- we receive the "bread of heaven" and the "cup of salvation", the body and blood of Christ, in remembrance of the salvation accomplished by the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. The altar- represents the altar of sacrifice and the table of the Lord.
The priest gives a final blessing and we are dismissed to go do good works in the name of the Lord.